József Poór, Erika Varga, Renáta Machová, Vas Taras - Nové formy vzdelávania prostredníctvom projektu „X – Culture” (New Forms of Education under Project “X – Culture”)
Abstract: The aim of the paper to present a project, which stands for an innovative modern form of experiential learning predominantly in the areas of International Management and International Business. Although experiential learning has some advantages, namely, developing cross-cultural competencies, cultural intelligence, intercultural communication and management skills, differences in personality or conditions also arise as a downside. X-Culture has been evolving throughout the years since its foundation in 2010 when the original objective was to supplement the theoretical material and in-class teaching. Nowadays more than 3000 master, bachelor and MBA students, mostly of management and economics, take part in it from more than fifty countries all over the world. X-Culture is aimed at students of International Business college courses and training programs with the task of writing a business report or consulting proposition by offering business solutions for a hypothetical client.
Keywords: international cooperation, transfer of knowledge, experiential learning
Ivana Setnická, Michelle Chmelová - Ľudský kapitál vo vzťahu ku kvalite života (Human Capital in Relation to Quality of Life)
Abstract: Human capital has been the subject of research since the times of traditional economics. The Nobel Prize winner for economics G.S. Becker is the most distinguished economist in the area of human capital. In a society based on knowledge, the human capital has an important role as well as in the area of quality of life. The quality of life constitutes a multidimensional concept, which requires to define precise parameters for its measurement. Nowadays, there is no consensus regarding which of the indicators is best to reflect the quality of life. To quantify the country quality of life nowadays the most frequently used indicator is the Human Development Index, which has three dimensions. One of them is knowledge (education), which is measured by the number of years of school attendance and expected years of education. In many cases, the level of education completed is also used for the quantification of human capital. The main aim of this article is to analyze the existing knowledge of human capital and quality of life and to clarify their relationship.
Keywords: human capital, quality of life, dimensions of quality of life, determinants of human capital development, HDI, Life Quality Index
Katarína Seresová, Daniela Breveníková - Competitiveness of Germany on National Economy Level (Konkurencieschopnosť Nemecka na národohospodárskej úrovni)
Abstract: The aim of the paper is to discuss the competitiveness of Germany’s economy in the context of changing world economic market as well as in connection with demographic trends in Europe. Basic concepts (globalisation and competitiveness) are explained in the introductory part of the paper. The competitiveness of Germany’s economy is discussed based on documents and reports on competitiveness and characterized in the paper in terms of its strengths and weaknesses. While its strengths include performance of businesses, enrolment to secondary schools, export, diversification, creditworthiness, and shortage of labour force, its weaknesses are taxes and social expenditures, prices of petrol and flexibility and adaptability in terms of the country’s willingness to accept reforms.
Keywords: consumer expenditure, demographic trends, Federal Republic of Germany, European Commission (EC), globalisation, global competitiveness
Martina Džubáková, Pavel Melich - The Slovak Republic as Part of the Silk Road Project (Slovenská republika ako súčasť projektu Hodvábna cesta)
Abstract: The aim of the paper is to present the participation opportunities of the Slovak Republic to the international transport project OBOR (The One Belt and One Road). The OBOR Project is one of the initiatives of the People’s Democratic Republic of China to increase the international trade between Europe and China. In the framework of the freight transport, all other countries through which each corridor passes through are also able to engage in international trade. The OBOR project is divided into two equally significant basic parts: the Silk Road and the Marine Silk Road. The authors see the possibility of the Slovak Republic of participating in two railway transport corridors. The geographical position of the Slovak Republic and its transportation capacity make it a major transport hub, which can only be a benefit to the OBOR Project.
Keywords: One Belt One Road, Silk Road, intermodal terminals, Slovak Republic, China
Marián Goga - Možnosti modelovania koaličných vzťahov v teórii hier (The Possibilities of Modelling the Coalition Relationships in the Game Theory)
Abstract: In this paper the author focuses on the first part of the metho¬dological problems of modelling situations in the game theory, which contain the non antagonistic conflict. It is a situation, in which the play¬ers’ interests are not in direct contradiction. The victory of one parti¬cipant does not imply the loss of the other participant of the game. In cooperative conflict, it is assumed that the players have the opportunity to conclude a binding agreement and can cooperate with each other. Having introduced the general conditions and axioms of rationality, which describe the features that the coalition structure should meet and their corresponding distributions of payments, in the second part of the paper, the author refers to the application of Shapleyʼs value and methods of C-core in dealing with conflict situations in the context of cooperative games in telecommunications companies in Slovakia. The aim of the paper is to demonstrate the possibilities of the methodology of cooperative games analysis and those of their application for model¬ling and solving conflict decision-making situations and the formation of coalitions.
Keywords: game theory, cooperative game, coalition, strategy, the coali¬tion structure, Shapley value, C-core method
Ladislav Andrášik - Ekonómia obrany v globalizovanom svete (Economics of Defence in a Globalised Worls)
Abstract: After the splitting of the joint state of Czechs and Slovaks and the dissolution of the Klement Gottwald Military Political Academy (VPA KG) in Slovakia, also the scientific discipline of “War Economy”, and its counterpart in the Czech Republic were cancelled. After some time, partially related fields of study came to be established in our country: Economy and Management of Defence Sources, Military Logistics, Management of Military systems, Combat Application and Training of Armed Forces, Operations Research in the Military, National and International Security, which, however, could not and cannot replace to the full extent and in-depth the mentioned scientific field of study, which used to belong to the “Branch and Cross-section economies”. There is asimilar situation in the Czech Republic although the impact of the field of study “Economy of the State Defence”, which has been established there, as well as other related fields is of ahigher integration impact. The main shortage rests in that in a transformed international security environment the scientific field of study, which would in complex and evolutionary ways fully cover the problems of economics of defence and the theory of war period (or the period of compulsory military alert) of the economy is in fact non-existent.
After the disintegration of the “bipolar world“ to multi-polarity, or after the end of the “cold war” there occurred on its own a radical qualitative change of the security environment, which was even strengthened by a turbulent developing ICT, theory and applications of computational intelligence, along with strong globalisation trends. The field of the War Economy was largely compatible with an internationally existing field of “Defence Economics” and was competent to explore, research, and submit recommendations to bodies concerned with the given topic in agiven period. Moreover, the field of study had apowerful political context, similar to the Anglo-American field „Political Economy of War“. In our opinion, nor a contemporary variant of the field economy of defence can operate outside this context. In the present paper, we attempt to answer only some of the key questions concerning the economy of defence in aglobalised world and open the issue of establishing the field of science of Defence Economics. We consider it the primary entry in this highly complex problematics.
Keywords: analysis of benefits ‒ opportunities ‒ costs ‒ risks, globalisation of the world andunconventional threats (terrorism, mass migration, etc.), conversion, mobilisation, NATO, unconventional methods and technologies of combat, trade in arms and military technique, defence industry, fields of military production (so-called military special), disarmament, arms forces, advanced technologies, yields ‒ losses ratio, dealing with conflicts, theory of non-cooperative games, military technique, external safety, influences of military expenditures, development, research, arms, and arms systems