Economic Review

Ekonomické rozhľady

ročník 46, číslo 3, 2017


ISSN 0323-262X EV 4393/11



Anett Bösz - HARMONISING LIBERALISM AND REALISM IN THE THEORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (K harmonizácii liberalizmu a realizmu v teórii medzinárodných vzťahov)

Abstract: This paper aims to analyse the debates on neoliberalism and neorealism in international relation (IR) theories. It also contains a recommendation for harmonising neoliberal and neorealist thoughts in the theory of international relations, because it could offer relevant answers to global challenges of the 21st century. Leaving pessimistic and utopian attitudes behind is one of the keys for the understanding of current issues and relations between nation states. The twentieth century created agap from the differences between the two theories that have always been clearly visible, which was caused by the disparity of imaging human nature. This difference between neoliberalism and neorealism hinders in the co-operation between the two groups of scholars however the harmonisation of IR theories would help to understand the world today, and it would assist in searching for the solution to global problems in practice.

Keywords: liberalism, realism, neoliberalism, neorealism, IR theories, debate, harmonisation

JEL Classification: F 59

str./pp. 199 - 219


Jiří Bílý - Zuzana Horváthová - THE ECONOMIC BACKGROUND OF SOCIAL PROCESSES DURING THE FORMATION OF THE STATE OF THE ANCIENT GREECE (Ekonomické zázemie sociálnej politiky starovekého Grécka v procese formovania štátu)


Abstract: Ancient history and the history of the middle ages are as necessary to present people as the most recent history. Historical science must provide a profound scientific picture of the entire historical development of humanity in all its aspects, apicture based on established facts. The topical character of subjects for historical investigation is not limited by achronological frame, but by the significance of how great and important are the theoretical problems which it poses, on how much it leads to the enriching of science of society. This is the scientific and practical meaning of historical research and not its superficial analogies to the present which can and often lead to the modernisation and distortion of historical reality and events. The early Greek tyranny is therefore asignificant landmark on the path of the rise of the state in those communi-ties with highly developed economies, those particularly advanced in handicraft production. At the same time, however, the early tyranny is only atransitory phenomenon in the process of the rise of the state and usually after agiven period of time comes into conflict with those social forces to which it gave birth. In the following text, we attempt to show the importance of the transformations of ancient economy in the context of civilizational clashes. The main method of processing text is the comparative method in the context of indicators of cultural, economical and political development in the greece area and, subsequently, the analytical, which is to draw attention to the growing trends stateʼs forming between economic trends in and outside Greece.

Keywords: tyranny, constitution, cult, slavery, class

JEL Classification: B 11, N 01

str./pp. 220 - 244


Katarína Liptáková - REGIONÁLNE DISPARITY TRHU PRÁCE V BANSKOBYSTRICKOM KRAJI (Labour Market Disparities in the Banská Bystrica Region)

Abstract: The paper deals with regional disparities on the labor market in the selected . The aim of the thesis is based on theoretical knowledge to analyze the most important labor market disparities of region in the period from 2004 to 2016. Subject of the examination are regional labor mar-ket problems and researched objects are 13 districts of Banská Bystrica region. The first part provides an analysis of theoretical resources for regional unemployment, presents the current regional labor market problems, introduces regional disparities, their causes and indicators to measure them. The second chapter describes the object of research, analysis labor market indi-cators in the period of monitoring and using methods of Gini coefficient to determine the size of disparities between districts based on past development. The third part divides 13 districts into for groups based on collectively cluster analysis and recommends possibly solutions in resear-ched districts to reduce disparities between them with an emphasis on differences in the labor market. The paper uses descriptive statistics, method of analysis and synthesis, deduction, in-duction, scientific abstraction, comparison and other statistical methods. It draws on secondary sources from the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic and the Central Office of Labor, So-cial Affairs and Family.

Keywords: Labor market, Region, Regional labor market problems, Regional disparities

JEL Classification: E6

str./pp. 245 - 272


Ričardas Mileris - DEPOPULATION PHENOMENON OF LITHUANIA: UPCOMING CHALLENGES FOR THE COUNTRY’S ECONOMY (Fenomén depopulácie v Litve: nadchádzajúce výzvy pre hospodárstvo krajiny)

Abstract: The Lithuanian depopulation phenomenon that has continued for the current twenty-six years motivates many economists to foresee the possible consequences for the Lithuanian economy of this negative trend. This research aims to predict the Lithuanian population changes in future twenty-three years and to highlight the forthcoming challenges for the Lithuanian economy when becoming the highly depopulated country. The demographic and emigration factors evi-dently cause the Lithuanian population decline, so the main economic differences between Lithuania and other EU countries were analyzed to understand the economic reasons of emig-ration and depopulation. The comparative analysis of EU economies allowed to determine the purposive values of Lithuanian macroeconomic indicators when the reduction of emigration could be expected. As Lithuania belongs to the group of EU countries with the least macroeco-nomic indicators, the continuous huge depopulation in future is very probable.

Keywords: demographics, population, economic development, emigration, macroeconomics

JEL Classification: E 27, J 11, J 61

str./pp. 273 - 293


Paula Puškárová - ON THE BRAIN COMPETITION POLICIES IN THE UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN UNION (Politiky konkurencie onajlepšie mozgy v Spojených štátoch amerických a v Európskej únii)


Abstract: The knowledge economy has propelled the emergence of a new breed of policy that aims to attract the highly skilled labor in order to secure local growth. The so-called Brain Competition Policy refers to the attraction, education and circulation of talent within and across economies. The policy has arguably its roots in the United States (US) where one of the first laws favoring high skilled workers were passed and where the highest inflows of high skilled labor have been registered for decades now. Scholarly work however proves that the US recipe for success is not universal. The European Union (EU) countries have executed several attempts to copy the principles of the US Brain Competition Policy into their legislation but many of those failed due to cultural and societal differences. The aim of this paper is to assess these differences, and draw up links to the flows of human capital registered for both regions. The paper summarized some key troubles pending for the EU to successfully develop and implement the very own Brain Competition Policy (BCP).

Keywords: human capital, USA, European Union, migration, brain drain

JEL Classification:  R 58, O 32

str./pp. 294 - 305


Erika Bartalosová - VÝZVY SÚČASNÉHO VZDELÁVANIA: NOVÉ ZRUČNOSTI, NOVÉ METÓDY (Challenges of Current Education: New Skills, New Methods)

Abstract: Schools and universities are striving to prepare their students for the “real world”. They train them how to read, write and count. However, there are other less recognized skills such as, for example, how to work in ateam, how to think critically and how to handle data they encounter every day. We want our high-school and university graduates to be ready for a productive and successful life. What is out there waiting in their future? Twenty years ago, we did not know that outside world was going to be so much dependent on information technology and software. That means that today’steachers are facing the same big challenge – to prepare the students for the unknown future. However, there are certain basic skills that might help the graduates to comply with the labour market demands. In this paper, we point to the key qualifications indis-pensable for successful entry of graduates to the labor market as well as to innovative and acti-vating teaching methods that facilitate development of the key qualifications of the students.

Keywords: technological changes, informal education, key qualifications, cone of learning, innovative and activating teaching method

JEL Classification: I 2, O 3

str./pp. 306 - 315